I posted this on my blog not too long ago. I can now start to include raisins, nuts, etc. I made the breadstix also nifty. I always seem to have the same issue large holes, and rubbery texture when I bake it in a loaf pan. In planning, one needs to realize that communion has a primary place in worship, and allow sufficient time and personnel to do it both efficiently and effectively, neither of which is possible in those evangelical churches that regularly feature sermons of 45 minutes or more.
Even so, in " Cherokee Hair Tampons " she turns to holistic and natural medicine when Kyle's kidney's begin to fail. Kyle's father Gerald is a lawyer. He serves as legal counsel for the Town Council, though the exact nature of his regular practice is unclear.
He is involved in litigation at various points, one time briefly becoming quite wealthy from his involvement in a spate of sexual harassment lawsuits against the town. He has also represented townspeople at times, including Chef's case involving copyright infringement in "Chef Aid". In early episodes the Broflovski's appear to be more affluent than much of the population in South Park, but decidedly less so than the Black family.
Gerald is usually one of the more reasonable men in South Park, much more so than Randy Marsh , the main adult protagonist, and generally tries to teach Kyle good morals, as seen in Chickenpox , although can fail to teach him the right morals, as also seen in the episode.
Kyle has an adopted younger Canadian brother, Ike. When Kyle first learned that Ike was adopted, he initially considered Ike not to be his "real" brother, becoming detached from and even resentful towards him. His feelings for Ike returned however after Ike showed him pictures of the times they had spent together, and later fled to Kyle's room for protection when in distress over an imminent circumcision, at which point Kyle fiercely defended him. Their relationship has been strong ever since, though has been strained at times.
The greatest rift between them was in " Miss Teacher Bangs a Boy " where Kyle reveals the illicit relationship between Ike and his kindergarten teacher. Ike did not understand that Kyle was simply trying to protect him, and told Kyle "You're dead to me. When Sheila, their mother, told Kyle that he had to take Ike with him for the day, Kyle complained, becoming annoyed with his younger sibling.
He then proceeded to kick Ike through the window, getting Ike in trouble. Later on, as the movie develops, Kyle shows a strong protectiveness over Ike. He complains about many things such as his asthma, gas caused by beef intake and getting slivers from wooden desks, and drives Kyle Broflovski crazy with his heavy breathing. Kyle became so desperate as to try to get rid of his cousin by methods such as tying his sled to a bus and putting him into cargo-load for an airplane.
Kyle is one of the leaders of the male student population, along with Cartman, Kenny, and most notably Stan. He gets along with most characters, although his temper sometimes alienates children.
He is shown to not have a great relationship with girls, finding it gross when Bebe Stevens had arranged for Wendy Testaburger to have her kiss Kyle in Stan's clubhouse in " Clubhouses ". Although, it is seen he is somewhat friendly with Wendy, often talking with her in background scenes. Kyle is best friends with Stan. They are the closest out of the four boys, and they are generally seen together on the show, standing next to each other as well as sitting together on the school bus.
Kyle shares an affinity with Stan in many ways particularly early in the show, when there were fewer distinctions to be drawn between their personalities , and they genuinely care about each other. They almost always side together on the many issues they encounter, mainly when it is Cartman who is opposing them. This is frequently manifested when there is a conflict between Kyle and Cartman, and Stan offers support to Kyle by siding with him. The two have their differences, with Kyle sometimes becoming frustrated with Stan when they have divergent perspectives on something he feels strongly about, and Stan in turn becomes concerned when Kyle gets obsessed in his rivalry with Cartman.
It is when their friendship is so tested that its depth is best illustrated on the show, as in " Guitar Queer-O ", where their falling-out creates the major conflict of the story. The rift formed between them helps Stan realize that what he most enjoyed about his success wasn't success for its own sake, but rather, sharing the experience with his best friend.
Hearing this from Stan, a previously spurned Kyle rejoins him in picking up where they left off with renewed enthusiasm only to be called fags by the game after hitting a million points. The strength of their friendship and mutual dedication has been demonstrated on the show many times.
In " The List ", Kyle is voted the ugliest of all the boys in his class. This depresses him a great deal, and Stan, seeing how it has affected him, tries to get the girls to change the list with the help of Wendy Testaburger ultimately uncovering the fact that the list was wrongfully altered and that Kyle was not in fact voted last.
The two have even helped save each others' lives numerous times. When Kyle develops renal failure in " Cherokee Hair Tampons ", Stan gladly offers to donate one of his own kidneys to save his life, and ultimately orchestrates the plan that tricks Cartman the only compatible donor into donating one of his. Another example can be found in " Imaginationland, Episode III ", where Stan is trapped in Imaginationland and Kyle is the only one who can hear his voice.
Kyle goes to extreme measures, including breaking into the Pentagon, to stop the government from nuking Imaginationland and Stan along with it. Kyle even agreed to kill Jesus at His request despite his strong misgivings in order to help him save Stan's life in " Fantastic Easter Special ". Kyle and Stan's friendship has been mocked several times by others particularly Cartman. At one point Stan's dad Randy Marsh even told him that they shouldn't hang out too much together or else people would start to think " they are 'funny' " i.
Others have insinuated they were gay, as in " Super Best Friends ", where Cartman asked them, "Aw, do you want me to get you a room so you can make out?
It is shown that Kyle could possibly be Stan's lawyer, seeing as he was sitting beside Stan after he was sued by Cartman in " Sexual Harassment Panda ". In " You're Getting Old ", after Stan is diagnosed as being a cynical asshole Kyle first attempts to cope with him. But, after he gets worse, Kyle decides that he's too much of a killjoy and starts to avoid him with Kenny and Cartman.
Finally, he realizes Stan has changed and ends their friendship. However, they don't make up at the end of the episode like the other times, and with Stan not showing a single sign of getting better along with the doctors diagnosis that he will never get better.
It seems to be permanent, but in " Ass Burgers ", they made up at the very end. Kyle values Stan's opinion of him. Throughout " Crack Baby Athletic Association ", Kyle would repeatedly seek Stan out to explain his involvement with Cartman's Crack Baby association, in an attempt to make sure Stan didn't think less of him.
Cartman and Kyle smiling at each other and getting along at the end of " You're Getting Old ". Despite the tension between Kyle and Cartman, they have each demonstrated some concern for the others' well-being.
In " Up the Down Steroid ", Kyle referred to Cartman as a friend and explained that he was really concerned that Cartman would go to Hell if he tried to participate in the Special Olympics.
Kyle even risked his own life to save an ostensibly sick Cartman in " Manbearpig " by carrying him to safety in a flooding cave, despite the fact that Cartman's weight threatened to sink Kyle and nearly did.
Cartman has also saved Kyle's life. In " Smug Alert! He did not however take credit for this, not wanting to admit how important Kyle was to him. Cartman also brought Kyle back to life in " Imaginationland, Episode II " after Kyle was attacked by Manbearpig, this time because he had not yet had a chance to humiliate Kyle by making him suck his balls to fulfill a bet. Also at the end of " It's a Jersey Thing " Cartman say that he is still a "Jersey Kid" and that he's a monster inside but he'll always be his little monster.
Their relationship is perhaps best summarized by Kyle in " The Entity ", where he refers to Cartman as " my sort-of friend In Jewpacabra , Kyle brings Cartman home in the middle of the night, tucking him in bed and even removing his shoes. At the end of the episode, he puts his hand on Cartman's shoulder and says that he believes Cartman's claims that he is Jewish now. Even with Cartman's consistent hostility and genuinely antisocial behavior, Kyle is sometimes deceived by Cartman's feigned good intentions.
This may be due to an idealistic belief that there is some good in everyone, even in Cartman. Kyle has also occasionally turned the tables and manipulated Cartman into doing foolish things, such as when he convinced Cartman that he would die and suggested he go out to the ocean to be a pirate in " Fatbeard ". His conflict with Cartman has become increasingly intense and is now a major focal point of the show.
In " You're Getting Old ", Kyle and Cartman seem to be on better terms than ever, and they are shown smiling amicably at each other while playing Xbox. However, they fight once more in " Ass Burgers " after Kyle found out that Cartman was sticking hamburgers up his butt and selling them to people, therefore causing their business to shut down.
His relationship with Cartman may be the most complex relationship portrayed in the entire show;. Please avoid this argument like the plague and use whichever one is compatible with your group and your congregation. Sorry, just a little leavity! I can see a big row about wine versus grape juice brewing, but once again: I see both sides of the argument here, having functioned in both Western and Eastern traditions.
Theologically, leaven can also symbolize sin, which is a classic theologic-symbologic explanation for unleavened bread, but, as a previous poster pointed out, leaven is also a sign of joy and celebration. I once heard someone say that there was no way that any wine could be genuinely Kosher, since yeast caused fermentation… an interesting thought… myself I would prefer using Mustum as a happy medium if I found myself in the midst of a situation where wine was being debated.
Mustum is unpasteurized grape juice with a very low naturally-occuring alcohol content. Rome approves it for alcoholic priests, through in my opinion, if it is good enough for one, it is good enough for all.
I am very sadden when I read this. We should consider it a great joy that we can receive what the Lord Jesus Christ has invited us to receive, namely the forgiveness of sin found in the bread and in the wine. Holy Communion is both a gift and a command of our Lord that we should not limit. Implying that means they always took communion every time they met- even daily- is unwarranted, at least on the level of binding practice.
Imonk said that there were some good things to commend about closed communion, at least in theory. Now I know that admonition is in the scriptures but when baptist churches are guilty of doing that are we sort of missing the point. Let me give you a scenario.
Perhaps he knows of an active affair, or a couple co-habitaing etc. I only ask because I know of some baptist ministers who will do the former, I probably used to be one of them, but I find myself more drawn to the second more sacramental view. By this, I mean that we should be intentional about using traditional liturgical forms and language that are not inconsistent with scripture, in order to emphasize that we are ONE BODY, with one Lord, partaking of one loaf and one cup 1 Cor In planning, one needs to realize that communion has a primary place in worship, and allow sufficient time and personnel to do it both efficiently and effectively, neither of which is possible in those evangelical churches that regularly feature sermons of 45 minutes or more.
I like the liturgical balance between word and sacrament, where neither dominates the time budget for the service, and both are done intentionally, striving for quality rather than quantity. You could each do it at the same time with your right hand touching their left shoulder. Maybe, as Paul suggests, we should be worrying more about getting sick and dying from judging the body wrongly.
For the record, my understanding of this is that here he means the body in the sense of the church, not their understanding of real preassence or whatever other view people take, due to the overall context that he was rebuking them due to their apparent judgement of each other that certaing christians intheir church were of a lesser value or class.
Nevertheless, transmission does not necessarily imply inoculation or infection. Consideration of the epidemiology of micro-organisms that may be transmitted via saliva, particularly the herpes group of viruses, suggests that indirect transmission of infection is rare and in most instances a much greater opportunity exists for direct transmission by other means.
There is substantial evidence that neither infection with hepatitis B virus nor HIV can be transmitted directly via saliva so that indirect transmission via inanimate objects is even less likely. Currently available data do not provide any support for suggesting that the practice of sharing a common communion cup should be abandoned because it might spread infection.
The hazard of infection from the shared communion cup. However, the same principle applies when venerating the Cross on Good Friday — everyone goes up, kisses the crucifix held by the priest, the priest or acolyte gives it a wipe and goes on to the next person. The kiss of peace — if that becomes kisses or hugs, see me running screaming for the door. A formal embrace, though: Grapes are harvested in Summer to early fall.
Jesus and the disciples would not have had non-fermented grape juice in the spring. I just had a terrible, terrible flashback involving not taking Communion seriously as it should be. My mom was gone for one of her many conferences and came home with a tiny plastic bag full of watered-down Ribena for my non-Brits, this is a blackcurrant-based drink and a cube of local bread.
She called me, poured the Ribena into a cup and gave me the cube of bread. You should have seen my face. To serve someone the Bread of Life and Cup of Salvation at the same time tiny preemie infants are being fed may sound unusual or even disrespectful, but in practice it was very worshipful and meaningful. Indeed, we are more helpless than those infants. Why oh why oh why should only those who are ordained ministers be allowed to preside at communion?
For an evangelical context, I would recommend a contemporary version of the Book of Common Prayer , the official prayer book for the Anglican Church. The Prayer Book is very scriptural and the liturgy was meant to proclaim liturgically the gospel of salvation by grace through faith. Sometimes I might or someone else might play some sort of classical composition, but generally because of the flexibility to wrap up a verse quickly, etc, I play hymns.
Usually, I choose hymns having words directly connected with the ceremony or maybe 1 or 2 of that sort and then 1 or 2 connected with the sermon or theme of the day. I try to make selections that people will know the words to so the music is meaningful and not just background noise , though often I try to pull out older hymns or perhaps hymns from other traditions still covering the same themes just to introduce them.
Helping people meaningfully worship is what keeps me motivated as a church musician. I also think it would be good if the minister could recite the words from 1 Corinthians And though we are many, we all eat from one loaf of bread, showing that we are one body.
Rather, we become unified in him. Have we become a society of germophobes? In Seminary we learned that no disease has ever been found to have been transferred via the one cup at a liturgical service. Maybe this is because of the alcohol.
This is of course true and wonderful. But what about communion as the foretaste of the eschatological banquet? The victory feast of the Lord of Hosts? Jesus took the elements of the passover and reworked them around himself.
This means that Jesus thought that on the cross a New Exodus was going to happen. On the cross, God was going to set the slaves free. There are elements of Christus Victor, but still the overall mood is sacrifice.
Yes, and all the sicker for it as there is now plenty of research evidence that diseases like eczema, asthma and even leukaemia are related to inadequate exposure to pathogens. I mean, when did you ever hear of fatal peanut allergies before then? And suddenly they were everywhere and anything peanut was getting banned.
You might wish to read the consecration prayer from the Liturgy of St. He released us from the delusions of idols. He loosed the pains of death. Notice that instead of passing through the parted Red Sea, the way that is made for us is through the resurrection from the dead, but the language is Exodus language. I love Eastern liturgies St. On the other hand, the Jewish members of our leadership were pretty insistant that we include the Kiddush traditional blessing over bread and wine to ceremonially sanctify the Sabbath.
As I and my fellow liturgy enthusiast were brainstorming, we came across a Jewish prayer associated with the Kiddush that calls the Sabbath a rememberance of Creation and a memorial of the Exodus. This has created a much more New Testament feel to our Hebraic service. On leavened vs unleavened bread: I still prefer unleavened bread, though.
On discerning the body: It is pretty evident to me that v27 and v29 talk about the same thing. My wife is from a UK Plymouth Brethren background Exclusives and Open , and I find the Breaking of Bread in some of those assemblies as liturgical in a positive sense as anything: Now if only they would not exclude me from the table because I am no one of them … but then the Catholics do that, too. In my evangelical upbringing of approximately years ago, communion services were looked upon basically as pains in the you-know-what.
Too lengthy; just too much trouble. The pastor put it off long enough until the once-a-quarter rule slipped to maybe twice a year. This was before the era where men realized they were actually capable of washing dishes as well. Regarding children at the table, I once read a defense of the open table of Methodists. The writer made the analogy for open communion by comparing it to the family dinner table where parents and children come together each evening.
The children are not told they must eat at another table apart from the parents until they understand what it means to be a part of the family and can responsibly participate in all the varied aspects of family life. On the contrary, they the children learn what it means to be a part of the family by being at the table with the parents.
But they get to help with sitting the table and cleaning it, even when it would be far easier for the parent to do those things themselves.
But the parent knows that the child will only come to see themselves as part of the family through their inclusion and participation of family life around the table. The child naturally grows toward becoming a full fledged family member through all the myriad activities of life at and surrounding the table.
But everything about the spirit of the argument speaks to me of the spirit of Christ. This new meal now gives an identity to people who follow Jesus. This is a foretaste of the feast to come; and our call is to invite people to the Banquet—the one we can already taste, and the one that is in store for us yet to come. I like that, and will use it. This could be done beautifully or it could become a circus usually beautifully i understand. As a member of one of the few SBC churches that still wash feet, I say keep it with much enthusiasm.
It has always been a meaningful experience to me. I love seeing newly baptized believers being lead thru their first foot washing, usually one of the only times you see older members worshiping with youth in a meaningful way. It is, in effect, the word that defines salvation, and thus the name of our church… Communion Presbyterian Church. Many churches bear the names of theological terms Grace, Redeemer, Faith, etc.
And as a gift I need to accept what is being offered rather than trying to work myself into an acceptable state in order to receive the elements. You are correct also that it should not be done without explanation. Ironically, I have written a fairly extensive explanation of our practice, that is meant also to reorient members of my congregation as to what they are doing and why.
I posted this on my blog not too long ago. I only read it when there are visitors, a couple times a month. But I have some in my congregation who would rather I never read it! I suppose though, that they would also rather I not practice closed communion.
My conscience is bound though. Sorry, about the odd wording. Any thoughts on this? Thanks for this series. And I always learn more about other traditions. I was raised Prebyterian, with the wheat bread chicklets and shots of grape juice monthly. It made us think more deeply about the meaning of the Sacrament. Write to Chaplain Mike. I free those every time I check the site.
IM now has a group on Facebook, which is designed to help readers of the Internet Monk blog connect and communicate in other ways and places. To make this as safe and user-friendly as possible, we have made the iMonk Community an invitation only group. If you would like to join, email Chaplain Mike , and you'll receive an invitation. Bill, who works as a journalist, is a former British Chess Champion and has represented our country multiple times.
Graham meanwhile, works as a music teacher. But as time has gone on, it appears what you see is what you get. Finally a drinking game which promotes teetotalism, every time Jay makes a comment, you gotta down your drink.
It could of course be that the guys a genius, has every matter all ready figured out and resolved in his own mind, and therefore has no need to debate with others on such trivial matters as TV. Where is Silent Jay? Something for the ladies? The first new household joining the show in are the Da Silva family from Central London. Obviously with the exception of Rolf.
If anything, this special episode just served to demonstrate how hard it is for people off the telly to honestly critique people off the telly. The Adobe Flash Player is required for video playback. A special Gogglebox spin-off, the show is scheduled to air on Channel 4 in Since her husband passed away, she has lived alone, but daughter, Verona 52 , spends all her spare time with her mum, cooking for her and taking her to church.