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The median urinary iodine concentration is considered the main indicator of iodine status for all age groups, because its measurement is relatively non-invasive, cost-efficient and easy to perform. The World Summit for Children set the goal of virtual elimination of vitamin A deficiency and its consequences, including blindness, by the year Grinnell College's NetNutrition Journey. Share with Facebook Share with Twitter. These factors are not present in many households in the world. Nutrition counseling training changes physician behavior and improves caregiver knowledge acquisition. Improved drinking-water sources are defined in terms of the types of technology and levels of services that are likely to provide safe water.
Click or press enter to select the suggestion. Once finished, click "Apply options" to launch the search. Course Description This course is intended to clarify the concepts of C4SD by focusing on social and ecological approaches to address policy advocacy, analyzing risk behaviors related to health and how to induce behavior change through strategic communication and infrastructure power, supply that affect the ability to communicate.
Over the course of their studies, participants will: Our Programme Sexual violence is widespread in conflicts and emergencies, and can do lasting harm to men, women, children, LGBT people, persons with disabilities, and other vulnerable groups.
Course topics will include: The course modules include: Call for Papers 6. Information and Communications Technology 9. Monitoring and Evaluation Climate Change and Environment Food and Nutrition Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Protection and Human Rights Recovery and Reconstruction 9.
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New Caledonia France 0. It could lead us not to make that investment B at all, pulling resources away from our toughest problems. Over time we might be able to build up enough evidence to illustrate how a difference in one or two dimensions of impact affects the result across other dimensions but, for now, information is useful for managing impact if kept in the context of all dimensions. This is a guide to the Lean Data measurement technique, which uses surveying methods and technologies to gather rapid feedback from people experiencing impact.
This database of external evaluations offers guidance on how applicable and replicable innovations are in different contexts. These case studies illustrate how useful data can be collected through directly surveying employees, customers and other stakeholders. This measurement technique gathers direct feedback through household interviews and focus group discussions to learn what impact is being experienced by people.
A database of resources organised by sector that helps us find the best approach for gathering feedback directly from people experiencing impact. This framework helps us to assess when and how we can 'generalize' evidence so it can be used to make decisions in different contexts. We collect information about the experience of people and planet on an ongoing basis — because it informs our decisions throughout impact management.
This information guides our intentions in the first place e. Since the initial impact goals we set are often based on incomplete information and are different to the impact that people and planet go on to experience, we often have to redesign how we deliver impact or re-set our goals based on information about what people actually want. Much of the data we collect to understand the five dimensions of impact is data that is also commercially useful. This means that much of the collection of information about our effects on people and the planet can form part of a general management approach and the cost is a legitimate use of capital from investors or funders.
We might choose to do a deeper study of impact to understand what impact achieved can be directly attributable to the enterprise, or whether customer feedback is sufficiently unbiased, or how the enterprise interacts with a wider system. When we examine an existing evidence base, the more numerous the individual sets of information that demonstrate these features and share the same findings, the stronger your evidence base. We also recognise that people and planet will likely experience other impact, both positive and negative, and therefore draw on existing information about the material effects that comparable approaches delivered in comparable contexts to help us judge other effects we might want either to mitigate if negative or increase deliberately if positive.
This standard helps us to assess the quality of existing evidence we use, as well as new evidence we collect ourselves. These standards help us to assess how confident we should be in the validity of the evidence we have. Enterprises collect information that enables them to make decisions about whether and how to improve performance or re-allocate resources. Enterprises who share information about their impact performance publicly help everyone to improve.
As we understand what different people want and need — and which enterprises do and do not work — we contribute to existing bodies of information including our own. By contributing to existing bodies of information, we either reinforce the validity of existing information does the information we have support what others have found? This helps us all to set and re-set our goals and design or identify approaches with the greatest likelihood of success. Sometimes there are too many sets of information for an organisation to analyse and use for decision-making.
For example, a passive asset owner may have a range of investment managers through whom they invest. Taken together, these managers are investing in hundreds of underlying and diverse enterprises. The asset owner will typically not want or have the time to process data sets from every underlying enterprise. We therefore need to be creative about how we summarise impact performance, without losing its value for decision-making. See the relevant resources highlighted below. This online data software helps us to collect social and environmental data directly from enterprises and benchmark, analyse and aggregate it to guide impact management.
This online assessment uses the B Impact Assessment to rate the performance of a fund manager's total portfolio of companies and also rates the fund manager's own social and environmental performance and approach to impact management. The rating allows for benchmarking of performance across funds with different impact and financial goals. This framework helps us communicate our impact through using small sets of metrics that are proxies for outcomes in six social and environmental themes.
This online data platform enables financial service providers to share data transparently in a comparable way. This software tool helps collect, analyse, aggregate and export impact data using existing frameworks such as Social Return on Investment SROI.
It is accredited by Social Value International. These guidelines help us to assess whether or not a report demonstrates a good adherence to the Social Value Principles, and is therefore likely to be describing impact effectively. This online data software helps us collect data direct from enterprises, and analyse and aggregate it in a meaningful way. The impact management process Understand experience of people and the planet Define intentions and constraints Set financial and impact goals Deliver and improve impact.
How do people experience impact? What is our shared understanding of impact? Do we have to manage everything that people and planet experience? What information do we need to understand impact? When do we collect information to understand our impact? Who bears the cost of collecting information about impact?
How do we share information with others? How do we share information about a portfolio of many diverse enterprises? Research across Myanmar, Bolivia, Belgium, the US and the UK — with all kinds of different people — has shown that various things really matter to us when we think about the impact we experience when engaging with an enterprise: We generally want to participate in defining the impact that enterprises have on our lives.
We may describe impact in terms of overcoming challenges or achieving certain outcomes. Whether framed as a challenge or an opportunity, we have a view about which products, services or jobs would be more effective than others. We also broadly know how vulnerable, disadvantaged or underserved we are in relation to different types of outcome — for example, being healthy but poorly educated — and feel improvements in underserved areas of our lives are more impactful than in aspects where we are already well-served.
Many of us agree that a product, service or opportunity that has a positive impact is most impactful if it is the only available option. It does not immediately lose its value if something else meets the same need but becomes less impactful if it is aggressively competing with other products or services that offer the same or greater benefit. It matters whether or not a product, service or job creates the change we were looking for.
We are often willing to take higher risks that our experience will differ from our expectation when the potential benefit is greater. These five dimensions help us all to understand our effects on people and planet. Feedback Commons This measurement technique helps us to understand what impact people experience through an array of surveys and tools to gather feedback from those affected.
Social Design Methods Menu: Problem Definition This model helps us to think through a problem or challenge from different perspectives, ensuring that influences and effects on all people and planet are considered. SPTF Universal Standards for Social Performance Management These standards provide guidance to financial service providers to help ensure that clients are put at the center of all strategic and operational decisions. For impact, we now have a shared understanding that impact refers to material effects experienced by people and planet, both positive and negative — and that to understand and manage impact, we need to consider five dimensions of any effect: We may relate our experience of secondary education to our ability to have financial security and we may think that financial security is a positive and important outcome.
It may show us that , or 2 million, people have experienced the effect. For environmental issues, we may be thinking about certain species and how near or far they are from endangerment.
For example, a new health service might contribute the same amount to our physical health as a service we are currently using but contribute less to negative greenhouse gas emissions for the planet.
It might be likely to contribute more or less significantly to our physical health than if we continue to use our current service.
It might reach other people who do not currently have access to the service at all. For example, an innovative health service might make our physical health worse when we expected it would make it a little better — but it could also make our health significantly better than expected.
Or, it might make our health better but lead to negative effects for other people or the planet. Materiality Guidance This guidance helps us to assess which of our effects on people and planet are material, and therefore need to be managed.
Self Assessment Tool A self-assessment that tells us how well we are identifying and managing material effects on people and planet, alongside guidance to help us improve our impact management practice.